This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. This review was written to provide researchers entering this area with a historical introduction to parenting research and to point to some directions for future inquiry.
She holds a journalism degree from Medill and a B. Mistrustful and unhappy preschoolers had controlling and nonnurturing parents. Self-reliant and happy preschoolers had demanding but nurturing and communicative parents. Immature and dependent preschoolers had warm parents who did not set limits.
On this basis, Baumrind developed the authoritarian, authoritative and permissive parenting styles. A child must do as he is told. These children might be difficult, might withdraw socially and might not form trusting relationships easily. Nevid, Baumrind notes that teen boys of authoritarian parents are likely to do poorly in school, lack initiative and might be unfriendly toward peers.
Authoritative Like the authoritarian parent, the authoritative parent sets high expectations. These parents are flexible. They listen and give advice.
Nevid notes that Baumrind stated that children of authoritative parenting are the most likely of the three styles to have positive outcomes. These children are self-reliant, have high self-esteem and are popular with their peers.
Authoritative parents encourage their children to be independent and assertive, while also being respectful of others. These parents rely on reason, not force. They explain the rules and they listen to their children, and they set reasonable expectations.
What the authoritative style has in common with authoritarian parenting is that both are high in setting limits and in their expectations of mature behavior. Where the two differ is in their discipline styles, communication and warmth.
Authoritarian parents are forceful, but authoritative parents are reasonable.
Authoritative parents communicate warmth; authoritarian parents do not. They let their child do as he pleases, and these children might grow up without understanding that society will impose limits on their behavior. Considerations Baumrind was able to observe preschoolers in their natural setting -- in preschool -- and the children were of an age that rendered them unlikely to alter their genuine, instinctive reactions.
Baumrind cautions against trying to apply this framework to children raised by parents raised in other cultures, where authoritarian parenting might be the norm. In her original study, she noted that in the U.Get a modern model of the four basic parenting styles: A reflective perspective on Diana Baumrind's 3 child rearing styles for conscious, open-minded parents.
His arguments bore little relevance to Burton White's thesis about the importance of parenting during the first three years. Burton White's actual recommendations were simple. Give the baby love and encouragement, first. Baumrind’s three parenting styles continue to be a workable framework for parents to understand which parenting styles work best -- and why.
Baumrind cautions against trying to apply this framework to children raised by parents raised in other cultures, where authoritarian parenting might be the plombier-nemours.comd: Jun 17, Mar 29, · Best Answer: Authoritative, Authoritarian and Indulgent. Now, use those and do your own homework.
Use your book. There aren't 3 definite classic patterns of parenting in the real world - Status: Resolved. The 3 Types of Parenting Styles Photo Credit: For the most part, however, the way that one parents falls into one of three general parenting methods.
These are authoritative, authoritarian and permissive parenting styles. Video of the Day Authoritative. Authoritative parents are firm, loving and plombier-nemours.comd: Jun 17, Research on the web three classic parenting patterns (authoritarian, authoritative, permissive).
Summarize the main points of each perspective and name the sites plombier-nemours.compmental Psychologists have been interested in 5/5(2).