Close to 50 per cent of newborn deaths in India occur during the first seven days of birth. Many young lives are lost due to parents failing to recognise warning signs and sick children not being taken to health facilities on time, and because many mothers do not have sufficient knowledge on the protective value of breastfeeding.
This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Morbidity and mortality from childhood illnesses has remained a major point of interest globally. Malaria, respiratory tract infection and diarrheal diseases are the leading causes of childhood morbidity and mortality.
The aim of the following study is to determine the pattern of morbidity and mortality of children seen at the children emergency room of a tertiary hospital, Federal Medical Center in Asaba, Nigeria.
A descriptive study of post-neonatal childhood admissions over a 5 Childhood illnesses period January December was undertaken. Information obtained included age, gender, diagnosis, month of admission and outcome.
Descriptive and inferential statistics were used to analyze the demographic characteristics of the patients and associations with outcome variables. A total of 3, children with aged ranges between 1 month and months were admitted within this period of study from January to December The common indications for admission were malaria There were 5.
Major causes of death were complicated malaria Asaba, Children, Diarrhea, Malaria, Respiratory infections Introduction Preventable diseases such as, pneumonia, diarrheal diseases and malaria are major causes of childhood morbidity and mortality world-wide. The children emergency room CHER is the first point of contact for children who need urgent medical care before they are discharged home or sent to the ward for completion of treatment.
The knowledge of the pattern of morbidity and mortality in CHER helps in evaluating and improving the existing facilities. Therefore, this index study is timely as it will help to appraise the facilities on the ground and provide data for future re-evaluation.
The knowledge will also help in designing protocols for the proper management of the common ailments presenting in CHER of this center, health education and advocacy as it may apply.
Asaba is in the rain forest region of Nigeria with wet rainy and dry seasons. Rainy season includes the months of April through October while the dry season spans from November to March. It runs on a 24 h basis with consultants, residents, nurses and record staff.
Acute illnesses in children months 15 years are managed within the facility before transfer to the appropriate unit. The current report is a descriptive review of all the admissions from January to December inclusive.
All medical case records of eligible subjects were analyzed. The eligibility criteria were: Presentation at the emergency unit, documentation of the date and month of admission, age, gender, diagnosis and outcome of management defined as discharged home, transferred to the ward, discharged against medical advice or died.
Diagnosis of the diseases was done by the attending doctors based on the clinical features and available laboratory results. For comorbidities, children with more than one disease were grouped together depending on the doctor's primary and secondary diagnoses.
Data obtained were analyzed using the statistical package for social science version Continuous variables were analyzed and expressed as means and standard deviations SDs.
Results Within the 5 year review period, a total of children aged between 1 and months 15 years were admitted in CHER: There were 2, males The mean SD age of the subjects was As you can see in Table 1the subpopulation of children aged below 5 years was 2, Table 1 Open in a separate window The common indications for admission were malaria For those with RTIs, the proportions of those with the various forms of the disease were: Table 2 Open in a separate window With regards to seasonal variation, more cases were admitted during the rainy season 2, Admissions due to malaria and RTIs were higher during the rainy season while those due to diarrheal diseases were more during the dry season.
Kerosene ingestion was the most common Table 3 shows the distribution of cases with co-morbidities with 3.
Preventable diseases such as, pneumonia, diarrheal diseases and malaria are major causes of childhood morbidity and mortality world-wide.[1,2] The State of the World's Children report showed that globally, million children under 5 years of age die annually and million deaths occur in Sub-Saharan Africa. In Nigeria, under five. Child Illness Policy Keeping our Children Healthy. Hildebrandt Medication Policy. Hildebrandt Learning Centers and the child care staff entrusted to care for your child, are concerned with your child's health. The Center for Disease Control (CDC) recommends a yearly flu vaccine. for all children 6 months of age and older (as soon as the vaccine becomes available). Hand, Mouth and Foot Disease – This virus causes fever, sores in the mouth, and a rash of blisters on. palms of the hands and/or soles of the feet.
Table 3 Open in a separate window Majority of cases, As shown in Table 5major causes of death were complicated malaria While death due to complicated malaria was more prominent in children months, death due to sepsis, diarrheal diseases and RTIs occurred more in infants. Annual mortality rate in CHER ranged from 4.By Brenda L.
Tesini, MD, Assistant Professor of Medicine and Pediatrics, Division of Infectious Diseases, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry; Associate Hospital Epidemiology, Strong Memorial Hospital and Golisano Children's Hospital, University of Rochester Medical Center.
Dear Caregiver, Whether you’re a new parent or you’ve just had your fourth child, there may be times when your child is hurt or sick and you don’t know what. Identify the signs and symptoms of common childhood illnesses.
Answer Most children and young people will experience some episodes of illness in their life. Please find signs and symptoms of the following childhood illnesses and treatment.
Please type into the box and it will expand. Symptoms of a common cold. Good resources for school-aged children coping with chronic illnesses and conditions such as diabetes, asthma, AIDS, sickle-cell anemia, epilepsy, autism, ADHD, Crohn's disease, cystic fibrosis, cancer, celiac disease, renal disease, etc.
Pediatricians, economists, social scientists and policy experts will come together on Saturday, May 4, to address one of the greatest threats to child health-poverty.