In order to simplify things even further, one should study a point-by-point list of existentialist principles.
Lecture given in Source: Existentialism from Dostoyevsky to Sartre, ed. World Publishing Company in ; Translator: My purpose here is to offer a defence of existentialism against several reproaches that have been laid against it. First, it has been reproached as an invitation to people to dwell in quietism of despair.
For if every way to a solution is barred, one would have to regard any action in this world as entirely ineffective, and one would arrive finally at a contemplative philosophy.
Moreover, since contemplation is a luxury, this would be only another bourgeois philosophy. This is, especially, the reproach made by the Communists. From another quarter we are reproached for having underlined all that is ignominious in the human situation, for depicting what is mean, sordid or base to the neglect of certain things that possess charm and beauty and belong to the brighter side of human nature: Mercier, we forget how an infant smiles.
Both from this side and from the other we are also reproached for leaving out of account the solidarity of mankind and considering man in isolation.
The ego cannot reach them through the cogito. From the Christian side, we are reproached as people who deny the reality and seriousness of human affairs. For since we ignore the commandments of God and all values prescribed as eternal, nothing remains but what is strictly voluntary.
Everyone can do what he likes, and will be incapable, from such a point of view, of condemning either the point of view or the action of anyone else.
In any case, we can begin by saying that existentialism, in our sense of the word, is a doctrine that does render human life possible; a doctrine, also, which affirms that every truth and every action imply both an environment and a human subjectivity.
The essential charge laid against us is, of course, that of over-emphasis upon the evil side of human life.
Those who can quite well keep down a novel by Zola such as La Terre are sickened as soon as they read an existentialist novel. Those who appeal to the wisdom of the people — which is a sad wisdom — find ours sadder still.
We all know how many common sayings can be quoted to this effect, and they all mean much the same — that you must not oppose the powers that be; that you must not fight against superior force; must not meddle in matters that are above your station.
Or that any action not in accordance with some tradition is mere romanticism; or that any undertaking which has not the support of proven experience is foredoomed to frustration; and that since experience has shown men to be invariably inclined to evil, there must be firm rules to restrain them, otherwise we shall have anarchy.
Indeed their excessive protests make me suspect that what is annoying them is not so much our pessimism, but, much more likely, our optimism. For at bottom, what is alarming in the doctrine that I am about to try to explain to you is — is it not?
To verify this, let us review the whole question upon the strictly philosophic level. What, then, is this that we call existentialism? Most of those who are making use of this word would be highly confused if required to explain its meaning.Free Essay: Jean Paul Sartre's Existential philosophy posits that is in man, and in man alone, that existence precedes essence.
Essay on Jean Paul Sartres Writing - No Exit Words | 3 Pages. His ideas of existentialism were profoundly outlined in the play. Based on the idea that mental torture is more agonizing than physical, No Exit. Posted in Non-Fiction, Philosophy, Quarter Life Crisis Book Review Existentialism Existentialism is a Humanism existentialism is a humanism book review existentialism sartre review Jean-Paul Sartre Philosophy Sartre sartre existentialism what is existentialism.
If the text of Existentialism is a humanism is far from being as specific as the thought of Sartre, it at least has the merit of making his ideas more accessible. It gives an overview of its main concepts (awareness, others, freedom, responsibility, ) and thus remain to be read, again and again.
- John Paul Sartre John Paul Sartre is known as one of the most influential philosophers of the twentieth century. He wrote many philosophical works novels and plays.
Much of his work is tied into politics. The essay Existentialism is a Humanism is just one of his many works. Analysis of Paul’s Case] Powerful Essays words | ( An Analysis of the Essay Existentialism Is a Humanism by John Paul Sartre PAGES 4. WORDS 1, View Full Essay.
More essays like this: existentialism is humanism, most influential philosophers, john paul sartre. Not sure what I'd do without @Kibin - Alfredo Alvarez, student @ Miami University. Existentialism Is a Humanism (French: L'existentialisme est un humanisme) is a work by the philosopher Jean-Paul Sartre, based on a lecture by the same name he gave at Club Maintenant in Paris, on 29 October